Supervision of offshore oil and gas activities
How the Danish Working Environment Authority is supervising safety and health of work carried out on offshore installations.
The Danish Working Environment Authority performs health and safety inspections on offshore installations pursuant to the Offshore Safety Act.
The cornerstone of the supervision is the companies' self-monitoring system in the form of a management system for health and safety, to ensure and document that the regulatory requirements are met and that the execution and design of offshore installation and jobs are done with minimal risk to people and property.
A part of this system is verification by independent classification and certification companies. The requirement of a management system is shown in Chapter 3 of the Offshore Safety Act and section 7 of the Executive Order on Management of Safety and health etc. in connection with Offshore Oil and Gas Operations.
The Danish Working Environment Authority's inspection
The Danish Working Environment Authority's inspection is based - in addition to the Danish regulations - on the plans and conditions pursuant to which the Danish Working Environment Authority's approval of each activity. The inspection covers both single and more general issues focused on individual circumstances. Some of these are:
- Areas where the selected conditions in a given time are given special attention in supervision. This will ensure systematic follow-up to several installations and companies.
- Audits where the Danish Working Environment Authority inspections on an offshore installation or by visiting the company's onshore office systematically reviews the company in selected areas to show that the Danish regulations (and specific conditions of the installation) area taken into account in the planning and execution of tasks.
- Supervision and visits where the Danish Working Environment Authority visit an offshore installation and inspect the installation's general condition, conducts audits, follow-up focus areas and any issues identified by inspection or audit, as well as meeting with the plant's safety organization.
In addition to the Danish Working Environment Authority there are a number of other authorities which have responsibility for overseeing the safety, health and environment on offshore installations.
Danish Working Environment Authority
The Danish Working Environment Authority is the responsible authority for health and safety on offshore installations. Offshore installations are understood as systems for exploration and production of oil and gas from beneath the seabed. Wind farms at sea are excluded from this definition.
Security includes the built-in safety systems and equipment as well as safety in the workplace and at work. Health includes health conditions in the work environment and other health conditions, ie. also stay on the installations outside work hours.
Offshore installations are not covered by the Working Environment Act.
Environmental Protection Agency
Discharge into the sea from offshore installations. Contingency in case of pollution of the sea from offshore installations for example by oil spills.
Danish Health and Medicines Authority
Educational requirements for offshore medic, interior and equipment in the hospital for fixed installations. Radioactive sources (National Institute of Radiation Hygiene).
Danish Transport, Construction and Housing Authority
Helicopter safety, including helideck, manning, fire fighting, communications and other equipment on the helideck.
Danish Veterinary and Food Administration
Responsible for control of food and hygiene in kitchens.
South Jutland Police
Investigation of serious accidents and fatalities on offshore installations.