General prevention principles - 117
Annex 2 to the Danish Working Environment Authority’s Executive Order no. 117 on the duties of the client
1. General principles of prevention, cf. article 6, part 2 of Council Directive 89/391/EEC on the introduction of measures to encourage improvements in the safety and health of workers at work.
- Prevention of risks.
- Evaluation of risks that cannot be prevented.
- Combating risks at source.
- Adapting work to the worker, particularly with regard to workplace layout and choice of equipment, working and production methods, especially with regard to limiting monotonous work and work in a constant rhythm and to reduce the effects of such work on health.
- Regard to technical developments.
- Replacement of anything hazardous with something that is non- or less hazardous.
- Planning prevention to make it a cohesive part of the whole, within which prevention covers techniques, organising work, working conditions, social relationships and the effects of factors in the working environment.
- The adoption of measures for collective protection rather than for individual protection.
- Appropriate instruction of workers.
2. General principles of prevention to be observed by employers, cf. article 6, part 6 of Council Directive 89/391/EEC on the introduction of measures to encourage improvements in the safety and health of workers at work when performing building and construction work.
- Maintaining order and satisfactory hygienic conditions on the site.
- Choice of location of workplaces, taking into account access to them and access routes or areas on the site.
- Guidelines for dealing with different building materials.
- Maintenance, inspection before use and regular inspection of installations and devices, with regard to eliminating defects that can affect the health and safety or workers.
- Demarcation and organisation of areas for storage of materials, especially hazardous substances or products.
- Guidelines for the removal of hazardous waste substances.
- Storage and removal or disposal of refuse and rubble.
- Adaptation of the actual time to be used on the various types of work or phases as work on the site progresses.
- Collaboration between employers and self-employed contractors.
- Coordination of activities in progress at or near the place where the site is located.